Based on these studies, ppd reactors in small ruminants occur in low prevalence ranging from 06% (2/343) to 76% (48/630) (tschopp et al, 2011 tafess et al, 2011) tschopp et al (2011) reported 16%(1/63) goat and 06% (2/343) sheep ppd reactors in meskan gurage zone, while tafess et al (2011) reported 76% (48/630) prevalence in goats of adamitulu district, east shewa.
Discusses the prevalence, pathogenesis, diagnosis and prevention and control measures for important diseases of ruminants with special reference to india 2 viral diseases of ruminants 21 foot and mouth disease (fmd) foot and mouth disease (fmd) is endemic in india from 1864 onwards (subramaniam et al, 2013. The overall individual prevalence in small ruminants ( 2 mm cut-off) was 04% (ci: 003-51%) with 25% herd prevalence cattle from owners with ppd positive small ruminants were all ppd negative 83% of the owners kept their sheep and goats inside their house at night and 5% drank regularly goat milk.
The isolation of mycobacterium tuberculosis in goat suggests a potential transmission of the causative agent from human and warrants further investigation in the role of small ruminants in epidemiology of human tuberculosis in the region.
M tuberculosis was also isolated from the goat that was slaughtered this study highlighted a low btb prevalence in sheep and goats despite intensive contact with cattle reactors tbln in humans was caused entirely by m tuberculosis, the human pathogen m tuberculosis seems to circulate also in livestock but their role at the interface is unknown.
Of bovine tuberculosis on ruminants in chifra district the variable of interest was the occurrence of tb on live animals the explanatory variables considered were pastoralist associations, age, body condition, herd/flock size, sex, reproductive status, parity number, lactating status, and species in case of small ruminants. This paper reports a first-time study performed in el salvador on the presence or absence of antibodies to three important animal diseases in small ruminants the work was conducted in the west and central departments of the country, selecting 42 and 43 cantons with an existing sheep and goat population, respectively. Epidemiology and infection journal page at pubmed journals published by cambridge university press small ruminant pasteurellosis in tigray region, ethiopia: marked serotype diversity may affect vaccine efficacy post-mortem examination continues to play an important surveillance role in the bovine tuberculosis (btb) eradication.
Epidemiology of tuberculosis in the united states in: tuberculosis, 2nd, rom wn, garay sm (eds), lippincott williams and wilkins, philadelphia 2004 p31 centers for disease control and prevention (cdc.